His presentation focused on the challenges border management authorities around the world face in balancing security with trade facilitation. While port operators are concerned with cargo backlogs, Mr. Gina explained the risks posed by unknown containers. To mitigate these risks, he encouraged the development of a risk management regime that leverages trusted trader programs and cutting edge technology such as common viewer systems that separate non-threatening cargo from potentially threatening cargo. He also noted the importance of communication between Customs authorities and Terminal Operators. Through ongoing dialogue, they can better align their strategic plans and appropriate levels of staffing while dedicating resources to the appropriate ports to reduce cargo clearance wait times.